The counterintuitive phenomenon of negative linear compressibility (NLC) has tremendous application potential in the design of ultrasensitive pressure sensors, artificial muscles, and actuators. However, materials with this uncommon mechanical behavior usually suffer from a narrow operating pressure range or frequently undergo sudden structural collapse. Here, we report the sustainable negative compressibility of stable A-site-free perovskite titanium oxyfluoride (TiOF2) along its c-axis over a very broad pressure range. The persistent NLC of this open-framework structure is ascribed to the anisotropic distortion of constituent octahedra, a result of the gradual volume reduction via flexible polyhedral tilting. Moreover, the NLC axis varies almost linearly with the optical band gap, promoting its applications in high-precision devices. This work paves a way to exploit the negative compressibility effect for designing versatile materials with enhanced mechanical performance.
Yang Lu, Hao Yan, Eugene Huang, and Bin Chen, Persistent Negative Compressibility Coupled to Optical Modulation in Empty-Perovskite TiOF2, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C Article ASAP (2021) DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c01601 abstract
(a) Crystal structure of trigonal TiOF 2. (b) Phase transition between cubic and trigonal TiOF 2 viewed from the  Cubic
// Trigonal direction. φ represents the rotation angle of [TiO 2 F 4 ] octahedra along the c axis after the cubic-to-trigonal phase transition.